Annotated List of the Seabirds of the World - Penguins



Conservation rankings are from the preliminary guidelines set out by BirdLife International and posted to Seabirds Internet discussion group by John Cooper.


Penguins

Aptenodytes patagonicus King Penguin
A. p. patagonicus

A. p. halli

Aptenodytes forsteri Emperor Penguin
Monotypic

Pygoscelis papua Gentoo Penguin
P. p. papua

P. p. ellsworthi

Pygoscelis adeliae Adelie Penguin
Monotypic

Pygoscelis antarctica Chinstrap Penguin
Monotypic

Also known as Bearded Penguin or Ringed Penguin

Eudyptes chrysocome Rockhopper Penguin (new candidate for consideration)
E c. chrysocome (Southern Rockhopper Penguin)

E. c. filholi (Southern Rockhopper Penguin)

E. c. moseleyi (Northern Rockhopper or Moseley's Penguin)

Eudyptes schlegeli Royal Penguin (new candidate for consideration)
Monotypic


Royal Penguins on Macquarie Island, Australia. Photo copyright of Angus Wilson

Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Fiordland Penguin (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Thick-billed Penguin, Victoria Penguin, New Zealand Penguin and Fiordland Crested Penguin

Eudyptes robustus Snares Islands Penguin (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Snares Crested Penguin

Eudyptes sclateri Erect-crested Penguin (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Big-crested Penguin

Eudyptes chrysolophus Macaroni Penguin (new candidate for consideration)
Monotypic

Eudyptula minor Little Penguin
E. m. novaehollandiae

E. m. irredalei

E. m. variabilis

E. m. albosignata (White-flippered Penguin)

E. m. minor

E. m. chathamensis

Also known as Fairy Penguin, Blue Penguin, Little Blue Penguin

Megadyptes antipodes Yellow-eyed Penguin (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Spheniscus demersus Jackass Penguin (NEAR THREATENED)
Monotypic

Also known as African Penguin, Black-footed Penguin, Cape Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti Humboldt Penguin (NEAR THREATENED)
Monotypic

Also known as Peruvian Penguin

Spheniscus magellanicus Magellanic Penguin
Monotypic

Spheniscus mendiculus Galapagos Penguin (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic


Copyright © 2003 All rights reserved. Angus Wilson
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